Cannabis is gaining ever-increasing fame for several health benefits associated with its chemical components. Australians have also started to turn to Cannabis and its related products. As the Cannabis industry began to grow exponentially in Australia, in 2016, medical Cannabis was permitted in the country. However, it is still an unlicensed medicine, and a lengthy procedure has to be followed to get hands-on medical Cannabis. it is usually allowed for

  • Chemotherapy-induced vomiting and nausea
  • Pediatric epilepsy
  • Palliative care indications
  • Cancer pain
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Spasticity from neurological conditions
  • Other chronic illnesses, such as aids, fibromyalgia, and multiple sclerosis.

Even though medical marijuana is legal in Australia, most citizens who require medical Cannabis cannot get it through lawful channels and find illegal ways to obtain it to help with their medical conditions. – https://ama.com.au/position-statement/cannabis-use-and-health-2014

Australian use terminologies such as grass, pot, dope, weed, joints, mull, hydro, yarndi, ganja, bud, or green for Cannabis. Cannabis is produced in three primary forms:

·        Cannabis herb (marijuana): it is dried leaves, flowers, and buds.

·        Cannabis resin (hashish) — these are resins of the cannabis plant.

·        Cannabis oil (hash oil) — oil obtained from the resins

Cannabis can be used in the form of raw product (dried/undried), powder, oils and hash. Those who partake in cannabis typically smokes dried leaves and buds via joints or smoking pipes.

In 2019, the Legislative Assembly of ACT, Australian capital territory, voted to legalise the cultivation, sale, and purchase of recreational marijuana. The new law was enforced in January 2020, which allows Canberra citizens to possess 50g of dried Cannabis and use it for recreational purposes. However, the sale and purchase of cannabis seeds are still prohibited.

Health-related risks associated with Cannabis are only applicable if it is used consistently with massive doses. Australian legislative imposes heavy civil penalties on misuse of Cannabis and its related compound. However, the new legislation passed by ACT is conflicting with the Federal law on drugs and its abuse.

Surveys show that almost one-third of Australians have used Cannabis at least one in their lives. Out of these, 40% are these Australians are teenagers. Most cannabis offences are being committed by children between the age of 15-19 years. Strict penalties such as hefty fines and imprisonments are imposed on the offenders. Drug offences include possession, use, growing, importing, selling, or supplying. For more information, visit  https://nadk.flinders.edu.au/kb/cannabis/use-patterns/how-often-do-australians-use-cannabis/

As more and more people become protagonists of the legalisation of Cannabis, the Federal law seems to be changing very soon. Undoubtedly, Cannabis offers some potential health benefits, but the users need to watch out for the THC content, which can be a significant cause of psychosis and euphoria.

References

Degenhardt, L., Coffey, C., Carlin, J. B., Swift, W., Moore, E., & Patton, G. C. (2010). Outcomes of occasional cannabis use in adolescence: 10-year follow-up study in Victoria, Australia. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 196(4), 290-295.

Hall, W. (2001). Reducing the harms caused by cannabis use: the policy debate in Australia. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 62(3), 163-174.

Hall, W., & Pacula, R. L. (2003). Cannabis use and dependence: public health and public policy. Cambridge university press.

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